Core-to-Core Program B. Asia-Africa sponsored by Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS)
Title: Establishing Research Network for Control of Childhood Acute Respiratory
Infections in Asia and Africa Chief Advisor: Hitoshi Oshitani, MD, PhD, MPH Term: April 2017 – March 2020 Counterpart: Research Institute for Tropical Medicine, Philippines The State Islamic University of Syarif Hidayatullah, Indonesia National Institute of Public Health, Cambodia The University Teaching Hospital, Zambia
Acute respiratory infection including pneumonia is known as one of the leading causes of deaths for children worldwide. We at the Department of Virology, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine have been conducting comprehensive research on childhood pneumonia in the Philippines since 2008 and found so far that: viruses like respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) play important role as causative agents; there are patients who do not get medical services at the community level; the use of a pulse oximeter is effective device at the primary care setting, and various social factors that are associated with their actions. In this project, with aid of JSPS, we start to implement the project of creating a new network in Indonesia, Cambodia and Zambia, in addition to the existing network in the Philippines. This project aims to reduce mortalities caused by childhood pneumonia by applying the knowledge from our research in the Philippines to other countries. In each site, we conduct pilot studies in identifying obstacles and challenges in reducing of childhood mortalities by collecting and analyzing data including clinical and epidemiological factors and sharing common or specific problems.